|Unicef was established on 11 December 1946 by the United Nations to meet the emergency needs of children in post-war Europe and China. Its full name was the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund.
In 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. Unicef became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund. However, Unicef retained its original acronym.
Unicef's work is carried out in 191 countries through country programmes and National Committees. Some 88 per cent of the organization's approximately 7,200 posts are located in the field. There are eight regional offices and 126 country offices worldwide, as well as a research centre in Florence, a supply operation in Copenhagen and offices in Tokyo and Brussels. Unicef headquarters are in New York.
Unicef is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. Unicef has the global authority to influence decision-makers, and the variety of partners at grassroots level to turn the most innovative ideas into reality.
The Unicef logo consists of four elements, the olive branches, the globe, a mother and her child, and finally the Unicef acronym. The olives branches are a symbol for peace, which surround the globe. The globe represents the areas of interest in which the U.N. develops plans for peace and security, for all the people in the world , which is it\ís main goal.
The mother and child represent the nurturing of the children, caring and watching for their future and prosperity. The main goal of Unicef is to watch for children\ís rights, reduce levels of poverty which affect their upbringing, provide for their health and education and to represent their voice globally.